ALT - Alanine Aminotransferase (SGPT Test)

What is ALT (Alanine Aminotransferase) Test?

An alanine aminotransferase (ALT) test is ordered to find out the level of ALT in your blood. It is a painless blood test that is largely used to measure the health of your liver. Your doctor may recommend the ALT test to check if the liver is not functioning due to any disease, injury, or any medication.

ALT is a kind of enzyme that helps the liver create energy from food. Generally, the level of ALT is low, but it starts releasing more enzymes when the liver gets damaged. This is the reason why your doctor recommends for the test when they have to detect the underlying causes of liver problems.

When You Need to Undergo the ALT (Alanine Aminotransferase) Test:

Your doctor may tell you to get the ALT test if you experience any of the following symptoms:

  • Stomach pain or swelling
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Dark-colored urine
  • Fatigue
  • Itchy skin
  • Weakness
  • Yellow skin or eyes

An ALT test is a part of liver function panel your doctor may use the test result for many reasons. If you are already under medication for liver treatment, the test can help them know the progression.

In addition to these symptoms, your doctor may also ask you for the test report in case of the conditions mentioned below:

  • If you are infected with the hepatitis virus
  • If you intake too much alcohol
  • In case of family history of liver disease
  • If you are under a specific medication that can possibly lead to liver problems

How to Get Ready for the Test:

There is no need to go through any kind of specific practices for the test. Your doctor would advise you not to drink and eat before and after the test. Don’t worry if you experience any kind of odd signs after the test. Tell your doctor regarding the symptoms you experience after the test.