Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP) test is a combination of seven to eight tests that helps doctors evaluate the condition of your body’s metabolism. The test measures the level of electrolytes (sodium and potassium) present in the blood along with other key elements like calcium, carbon dioxide, glucose, creatinine, chloride, and urea nitrogen or BUN. The test report is used to diagnose the condition of dehydration, lung problems, kidney or liver problem and diabetes-related complications.
Doctors recommend the BMP test in emergency rooms when patients need to undergo surgery, or it may be ordered as a part of the regular checkup. Abnormalities in the test report may indicate acute problems like kidney failure, diabetic coma, heart rhythm changes or breathing problems. Doctors may suggest one or more follow-up test to ascertain the cause or verify their diagnostic conclusion. Several prescription drugs or OTC drugs may affect the BMP test report hence it is essential for patients to tell about the medications they are taking such that the right interpretation of the results can be made in a convenient way.